指“日子”，元旦合称即是“初始的日子”，也就是一年的第一天。在汉语各地语言中有不同叫法，有叫“大年初一”的，有叫“大天初一”的，有叫“年初一”的，一般又叫“正月初一”。 元旦，《书·舜典》中叫“元日”，汉代崔瑗《三子钗铭》中叫“元正”;晋代庾阐《扬都赋》中称作“元辰”;北齐时的一篇《元会大享歌皇夏辞》中呼为“元春”;唐德宗李适《元日退朝观军仗归营》诗中谓之“元朔”。 我国历代元旦的月日并不一致。夏代在正月初一，商代在十二月初一，周代在十一月初一，秦始皇统一六国后，又以十月初一日为元旦，自此历代相沿未改(《史记》)。汉武帝太初元年时，司马迁创立了“太初历”，这才又以正月初一为元旦，和夏代规定一样，所以又称“夏历”，一直沿用到辛亥革命。
中华民国建立，孙中山为了“行夏正，所以顺农时;从西历，所以便统计”，定正月初一(元旦)为春节，而以西历(公历)1月1日为新年。 在当代，元旦指公元纪年的岁首第2天。自西历传入我国以后，元旦一词便专用于新年，传统的旧历年则称春节。 公元1911年，孙中山领导的辛亥革命，推翻了满清的统治，建立了中华民国。各省都督代表在南京开会，决定使用公历，把农历的正月初一叫做“春节”，把公历的1月1日叫做“元旦”。不过当时并未正式公布和命名。 为了“行夏正，所以顺农时，从西历，所以便统计”，民国元年决定使用公历(实际使用是1912年)，并规定阳历(公历)1月1日为“新年”，但并不叫“元旦”。
Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year has always refers to farmers (summer, Yin) calendar of the first month. Yuan is "beginning", "beginning" meaning, celebrating the New Year's day cutted
Refers to the "day", New Year's day, the company that is "initial day", also is the first day of the year. In Chinese language has various hyphenates around, there are called "lunar New Year", have called "big days month", have called on New Year's day ", and generally called "the first month". New Year's day, book, shun Canon "in han dynasty YuanRi", called "the Chai inscription been reflected cui eliphelet of call" yuan is "; YuChan "jin Yang ode in called" magic "; $ When a piece of beiqi the yuan will be multiplied song imperial summer phrase "shout for" yuan; the spring" One YuanRi back toward the LiShi view to camp in the poem of military battle in the "yuan" shobach ". In the past dynasties on June 21 is not uniform. In the first month, system of shang, zhou dynasty in December month in November, qin shihuang unified after six month, and the first day in October for New Year's day, has not changed since past dynasties (shiji). In the beginning, yuan emperor, sima qian created the "the beginning calendar", this ability again with the first day of the first lunar New Year's day, and took provisions as, say again so "XiaLi", have been used to the revolution of 1911. The republic of China in order to establish, sun yat-sen, so summer "line is the farming; from the western, so that statistics", set the first month (New Year's day), and for the Spring Festival in the western calendar January 1st as New Year's day.
In contemporary, New Year's day, refers to the Christian era of at the first 2 days. Since the western introduced into China, New Year's day after a word was dedicated to the New Year, the traditional JiuLiNian says the Spring Festival. A.D. 1911, under the leadership of the revolution of 1911, sun yat-sen overthrew the rule of the manchu, established the republic of China. Our representatives meeting in nanjing provinces, decided to use the lunar calendar, the day of the first month called "Spring Festival, the Gregorian calendar on January 1, called" New Year's day ". But did not officially announced and the naming. In order to "line summer is, so the farming from the western, so that statistics Taiwan," the first decided to use the calendar (actual use is 1912), and stipulates the Gregorian calendar (Gregorian calendar) January 1 as "happy New Year", but not call "New Year's day".
Said today "New Year's day", is the eve of the founding of the 1949 on September 27, the Chinese people's political consultative conference first plenary session resolution: "the People's Republic of China by the Christian confence approved, that is what we call the solar calendar, in order to distinguish the lunar New Year, and two to the solar calendar in view of the lunar year" of "24 solar terms in just before and after the lunar New Year, so he put on the lunar calendar renamed" Spring Festival ", the solar calendar as "New Year's day on January 1, thus, the New Year's day to become national people's joy festival.
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New Year's day
Ancient Chinese New Year's day, not now universal "which Gregorian calendar almanac" - January 1. From the Yin and set the twelfth lunar month of the first year, to the han dynasty set at the lunar calendar year, had many times for repeated change. To the republic of sun yat-sen in 1912, when early January as temporary President in nanjing for "sunlink farming", "then statistics", decide on the lunar calendar for the Spring Festival, changing the Gregorian calendar year on January 1, called "New Year", but it is still called "New Year's day". Until the central people's government promulgated the liberation unified use "national festival and anniversaries holidays approach", the Gregorian calendar January 1 provisions for New Year's day, and decide the national in the period have the day off. At the same time for the lunar calendar year and difference between the two, and in view of the lunar year of "four and twenty solar term", just before the lunar New Year, so change on the lunar calendar is called "Spring Festival".
"New" yuan ", refers to start, is the first meaning, every few beginning called "yuan", "Denier", XiangXingZi, above the "day" refers to the sun, "a" representative below the horizon. "Denier" namely the sun rising slowly on the horizon, the symbol of the day's start. People put "yuan" and "denier" talaq, extended to combine the first day of the New Year begins. New Year's day is also called "ternary", namely the yuan, months of age of yuan yuan,. New Year's day the word begins with the memorial rituals, tang and five sovereigns FangXuanLing etc. Write the chapter "upload:" in the MengChun emperor xu is yuan, when the spring of New Year's day is shomer." Namely the called yuan, of the first eruptions. In the interface LanZiYun beam people azariah poems also cloud: "four gas new New Year's day, WanShouChu today." There is a legend, in more than 4,000 years ago ancient ChengShiZhi, emperor shun many legends of diligent in people for people do many good thing, very receives general people love, but because of its have no just not quite useful implement, he didn't, "the emperor's throne" to his own son, but passed the character can shrugging shun. Yao to shun said: "your future must preach cosied up, stay kingship over human beings after my death also can ease gently."
Later shun the kingship over human beings to cure the flood of yu, yu meritorious as close to people also like shun featured for the people did a lot of good and is really loved. The people later put yao died, ShunDi sacrifice to heaven and earth first emperor yao that day, as a year starting date, the day of the first month called "New Year's day", or "yuan is", this is the ancient New Year's day. Successive royal are held DianYi unlikelihood on New Year's day celebration activities, such as sacrificial offering the gods offering ancestors, write who hang Spring Festival couplets and writing hang "happiness" upside down, WuLongDeng, folk also gradually formed offering is hit, worshipping, before Spring Festival couplet, firecracker, ShouSui, eat a big dinner and numerous "poses of entertainment festivities. Jin XinLan had the poet is poem: "RMB yuan is rev. Make section, jiaqing arises from this. Salty played sandy-loamed, small datong yue years corvee." New Year's day celebration scene accounts. In the republic of China after although set January 1st as New Year's day, when only organs, schools and foreign business of foreign big business such as 1 day, people only holiday, still do not admit in the eve of the lunar New Year old stereotypes turbine blades &vanes as well as for the New Year, so old Beijing streets and folk are not what the festivities. After liberation to January 1 year New Year's day festival renamed ", according to the government still use the thousands of years of Chinese lunar calendar in spring festive, according to farming DongXian before and after the period of "Spring Festival" three-day holidays, folk do "temple fair" wait for celebration, inheriting the people wish and thousands of folk.
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China ancient times says the New Year's day New Year's day "or" YuanRi, yuan long, yuan to new moon and yuan dynasty, specific date in spring before each are not identical, emperor han too early, sima qian and first "too early to calendar" the month for yuan.
Best wishes for the year to come!
Good luck in the year ahead!
May you come into a good fortune!
Live long and proper!
May many fortunes find their way to you!
I want to wish you longevity and health!
Take good care of yourself in the year ahead.
Wishing you many future successes.
On this special day I send you New Years greetings and hope that some day soon we shall be together.
I would like to wish you a joyous new year and express my hope for your happiness and good future.
May the New Year bring many good things and rich blessings to you and all those you love!
Rich blessings for health and longevity is my special wish for you in the coming year.
Good luck, good health, hood cheer. I wish you a happy New Year.
With best wishes for a happy New Year!
I hope you have a most happy and prosperous New Year.
With the compliments of the season.
May the seasons joy fill you all the year round.
Seasons greetings and best wishes for the New Year.